What is a Gluteus Medius?
The gluteus medius attaches to the leg at the top of the femur (thigh bone), close to the hip joint, on a bony prominence called the greater trochanter. The hip joint is one of two main ball and socket joints in the body. As the most mobile joint, It allows the thigh bone to articulate in the socket of the pelvis. The many muscles of the pelvic girdle not only hold the thigh bone in its’ socket, but they contribute to the overall balance and stability of the pelvis during day to day activities.
One muscle, in particular, is the gluteus medius. While commonly known as a hip abductor (moving the leg away from the midline of the body), this muscle is a major stabilizer when it comes to everyday movement such as walking. A healthy gluteus medius holds the pelvis neutral during the single leg stance phase of gait. A weak or tight gluteus medius, on the other hand, can create instability as well as malalignment that impacts the upper and lower body.
A weak gluteus medius on the right will cause the left hip to drop thus effecting the whole walking/running mechanism. If this weak muscle goes untreated, the potential for this imbalance to effect other parts of the kinetic chain exist. Other common issues which are derived as a result of this condition effect the hip and knee joint, as well as the ankle. A common scenario is the iliotibial band losing its’ tracking. This not only causes lower extremity imbalances but shifts made to compensate can move the spine out of alignment.
There is truth to the statement regarding every part of the body being connected to itself. When one aspect of the body is off or out of alignment, it effects the body as a whole. The gluteus medius is no exception, illustrating what impact a tight or weak muscle can have on a whole system.
Gues Post by Julie Klutinoty for